1. Cabana-Puig X, Lu R, Geng S, Michaelis JS, Oakes V, Armstrong C, Testerman JC, Liao X, Alajoleen R, Appiah M, Zhang Y, Reilly CM, Li L, Luo XM (2023) CX3CR1 modulates SLE-associated glomerulonephritis and cardiovascular disease in MRL/lpr mice. Inflammation Research (Accepted).
  2. Abdelhamid L, Mao J, Cabana-Puig X, Zhu J, Swartwout BK, Edwards MR, Testerman J, Michaelis JS, Allen IC, Ahmed SA, Luo XM (2023) Nlrp12 deficiency alters gut microbiota and ameliorates Faslpr -mediated systemic autoimmunity in male mice. Frontiers in Immunology 14:1120958.
  3. Zhu J, Naughton S, Bowman M, LeRoith T, Luo XM, Leeth C (2023) Maternal antibody repertoire restriction modulates the development of lupus-like disease in BXSB offspring. International Immunology 35(2):95-104.
  4. Abdelhamid L, Alajoleen R, Kingsmore K, Cabana-Puig X, Lu R, Zhu J, Testerman J, Li Y, Ross AC, Cecere TE, Reilly CM, Grammer A, Lipsky PE, Luo XM (2023) Hypovitaminosis A drives the progression of tubulointerstitial lupus nephritis through potentiating pre-disease cellular autoreactivity. ImmunoHorizons 7(1):17-29.


  1. Cabana-Puig X, Mu Q, Lu R, Swartwout B, Abdelhamid L, Zhu J, Prakash M, Cecere TE, Wang Z, Callaway S, Sun S, Reilly CM, Ahmed SA, Luo XM (2022) Lactobacillus spp. act in synergy to attenuate splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy in lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Frontiers in Immunology 13:923754.
  2. Cabana-Puig X, Reilly CM, Luo XM (2022) Analysis of fecal microbiota dynamics in lupus-prone mice using a simple, cost-effective DNA isolation method. Journal of Visualized Experiments (183) e63623, doi: 10.3791/63623.
  3. Cabana-Puig X, Luo XM (2022) Analyses of proteinuria, renal infiltration of leukocytes, and renal deposition of proteins in lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Journal of Visualized Experiments (184) e63506, doi: 10.3791/63506.
  4. Christovich A, Luo XM (2022) Gut microbiota, leaky gut, and autoimmune diseases. Frontiers in Immunology 12:946248.
  5. Cabana-Puig X, Bond JM, Wang Z, Dai R, Lu R, Lin A, Oakes V, Rizzo A, Swartwout BK, Abdelhamid L, Mao J, Prakash M, Sangmeister C, Cheung N, Cowan C, Reilly CM, Sun S, Ahmed SA, Luo XM (2022) Phenotypic drift in lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice: Potential roles of microRNAs and gut microbiota. ImmunoHorizons, 6(1):36-46.
  6. Abdelhamid L, Luo XM (2022) Diet and hygiene in modulating autoimmunity during the pandemic era. Frontiers in Immunology, 12:749774.


  1. Mu Q, Swartwout BK, Edwards MR, Zhu J, Lee G, Eden K, Cabana-Puig X, McDaniel DK, Mao J, Abdelhamid L, Brock RM, Allen IC, Reilly CM, Luo XM (2021) Regulation of neonatal IgA production of the maternal microbiota. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118 (9): e2015691118.


  1. Mu Q, Edwards MR, Swartwout BK, Cabana-Puig X, Mao J, Zhu J, Grieco J, Cecere TE, Prakash M, Reilly CM, Puglisi C, Bachali P, Grammer AC, Lipsky PE, Luo XM (2020) Gut microbiota and bacterial DNA suppress autoimmunity by stimulating regulatory B cells in a murine model of lupus. Frontiers in Immunology 11:593353.
  2. Abdelhamid L, Cabana-Puig X, Mu Q, Moarefian M, Swartwout B, Eden K, Das P, Seguin RP, Xu L, Lowen S, Lavani M, Hrubec TC, Jones CN, Luo XM (2020) Quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants reduce lupus-associated splenomegaly by targeting neutrophil migration and T-cell fate. Frontiers in Immunology 11:575179.
  3. Abdelhamid L, Cabana-Puig X, Swartwout B, Lee J, Li S, Sun S, Li Y, Ross AC, Cecere TE, LeRoith T, Werre SR, Wang H, Reilly CM, Luo XM (2020) Retinoic acid exerts disease stage-dependent effects on pristane-induced lupus. Frontiers in Immunology 11:408.
  4. Menarim BC, Gillis KH, Oliver A, Mason C, Werre SR, Luo XM, Byron CR, Kalbfleisch TS, MacLeod JN, Dahlgren LA (2020) Inflamed synovial fluid induces a homeostatic response in bone marrow mononuclear cells in vitro: Implications for joint therapy. FASEB Journal 34(3):4430.


  1. Mu Q, Cabana-Puig X, Mao J, Swartwout B, Abdelhamid L, Cecere TE, Wang H, Reilly CM, Luo XM (2019) Pregnancy and lactation interfere with the response of autoimmunity to modulation of gut microbiota. Microbiome 7(1):105.
  2. Ren J, Catalina MD, Eden K, Liao X, Read KA, Luo XM, McMillan RP, Hulver MW, Jarpe M, Bachali P, Grammer AC, Lipsky PE, Reilly CM (2019) Selective histone deacetylase 6 inhibition normalizes B cell activation and germinal center formation in a model of systemic lupus erythematosus. Frontiers in Immunology 10:2512.
  3. Menarim BC, Gillis KH, Oliver A, Mason C, Ngo Y, Werre SR, Barrett SH, Luo XM, Byron CR, Dahlgren LA (2019) Autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells modulate joint homeostasis in an equine in vivo model of synovitis. FASEB Journal 33(12):14337.


  1. Swartwout B, Luo XM (2018) Implications of probiotics on the maternal-neonatal interface: gut microbiome, immunomodulation, and autoimmunity. Frontiers in Immunology 9:2840.
  2. Abdelhamid L, Luo XM (2018) Retinoid acid, leaky gut, and autoimmune diseases. Nutrients 10(8).
  3. Mu Q, Tavella VJ, Luo XM (2018) Role of Lactobacillus reuteri in human health and disease. Frontiers in Immunology 9:757.
  4. Luo XM, Edwards MR, Mu Q, Yu Y, Vieson MD, Reilly CM, Ahmed SA, Bankole AA (2018) Gut microbiota in human systemic lupus erythematosus and a mouse model of lupus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84(4). pii: e02288-17.
  5. Reinoso Webb CR, den Bakker H, Kovoziev I, Jones-Hall Y, Kottapalli KR, Ostanin D, Furr KL, Mu Q, Luo XM, Grisham M. (2018) Differential susceptibility to T cell-induced colitis in mice: role of the intestinal microbiota. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 24(2):361-379.


  1. Mu Q, Zhang H, Liao X, Lin K, Liu H, Edwards MR, Ahmed SA, Yuan R, Li L, Cecere TE, Branson DB, Kirby JL, Goswami P, Leeth CM, Read KA, Oestreich KJ, Vieson MD, Reilly CM, Luo XM. (2017) Control of lupus nephritis by changes of gut microbiota. Microbiome 5(1): 73.
  2. Mu Q, Tavella VJ, Kirby JL, Cecere TE, Chung M, Lee J, Li S, Ahmed SA, Eden K, Allen IC, Reilly CM, Luo XM (2017) Antibiotics ameliorate lupus-like symptoms in mice. Scientific Reports 7:13675.
  3. Mu Q, Kirby JL, Reilly CM, Luo XM. (2017) Leaky gut as a danger signal for autoimmune diseases. Frontiers in Immunology doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00598.
  4. Liao X, Ren J, Reihl A, Pirapakaran T, Sreekumar B, Cecere TE, Reilly CM, Luo XM. (2017) Renal-infiltrating CD11c+ cells are pathogenic in murine lupus nephritis through promoting CD4+ T cell responses. Clinical and Experimental Immunology Jul 19. doi: 10.1111/cei.13017.
  5. Ren J, Liao X, Vieson MD, Chen M, Scott R, Kazmierczak J, Luo XM, Reilly CM. (2017) Selective HDAC6 inhibition decreases early stage of lupus nephritis by downregulating both innate and adaptive immune responses. Clinical and Experimental Immunology Sep 6. doi: 10.1111/cei.13046.
  6. Edwards MR, Dai R, Heid B, Cecere TE, Khan D, Mu Q, Cowan C, Luo XM, Ahmed SA. (2017) Commercial rodent diets differentially regulate autoimmune glomerulonephritis, epigenetics, and microbiota in MRL/lpr mice. International Immunology Jun 15. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxx033.
  7. Vieson MD, Gojmerac AM, Khan D, Dai R, van Duzer JH, Mazitschek R, Caudell DL, Liao X, Luo XM, Reilly CM. (2017) Treatment with a selective histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor decreases lupus nephritis in NZB/W mice. Journal Histology and Histopathology Feb 28:11885. doi: 10.14670/HH-11-885.
  8. Theus MH, Sparks JB, Liao X, Ren J, Luo XM. (2017) All-trans-retinoic acid augments the histopathological outcome of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 65(2): 69-81.
  9. Luo XM, Edwards MR, Reilly CM, Mu Q, Ahmed SA. (2017) Diet and microbes in the pathogenesis of lupus. Book chapter in Lupus. ISBN 978-953-51-5383-2.


  1. Vieson MD, Luo XM, Li S, Gojmerac AM, Castaneda A, Reilly CM. (2016) Selective HDAC6 inhibition corrects aberrant B cell development in the bone marrow of NZB/W F1 mice. Cellular & Molecular Medicine 2(3): 11.
  2. Liao X, Makris MR, Luo XM. (2016) Fluorescence-activated cell sorting for purification of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from the mouse bone marrow. Journal of Visualized Experiments 117. doi: 10.3791/54641.
  3. Liao X, Pirapakaran T, Luo XM. (2016) Chemokines and chemokine receptors in the development of lupus nephritis. Mediators of Inflammation 2016: 6012715.
  4. Liao X, Reihl AM, Luo XM. (2016) Breakdown of immune tolerance in systemic lupus erythematosus by dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology Research 5(suppl 39): 1-15.
  5. Regna NL, Vieson MD, Chafin CB, Puthiyaveetil AG, Hammond SE, Luo XM, Caudell DL, Jarpe MB, Reilly CM. (2016) Specific HDAC6 inhibition by ACY-738 reduces SLE pathogenesis in NZB/W mice. Clinical Immunology 162: 58-73.


  1. Mu Q, Zhang H, Luo XM (2015) SLE: Another autoimmune disorder influenced by microbes and diet? Frontiers in Immunology doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2015.00608.
  2. Liao X, Li S, Settlage RE, Sun S, Ren J, Reihl AM, Zhang H, Karyala SV, Reilly CM, Ahmed SA, Luo XM. (2015) Cutting edge: Plasmacytoid dendritic cells in late-stage lupus mice defective in producing IFN-α. Journal of Immunology 195: 4578-4582.
  3. Regna NL, Vieson MD, Gojmerac AM, Luo XM, Caudell DL, Reilly CM. (2015) HDAC expression and activity is upregulated in diseased lupus-prone mice. International Immunopharmacology S1567-5769(15)30139-9.
  4. Zhang H, Luo XM. (2015) Control of commensal microbiota by the adaptive immune system. Gut Microbes 6(2): 156-60.
  5. Liao X, Ren J, Wei CH, Ross AC, Cecere TE, Jortner BS, Ahmed SA, Luo XM. (2015) Paradoxical effects of all-trans-retinoic acid on lupus-like disease in the MRL/lpr mouse model. PLoS One 10(3): e0118176.


  1. Zhang H, Sparks JB, Karyala SV, Settlage R, Luo XM. (2014) Host adaptive immunity alters gut microbiota. ISME Journal 9(3): 770-81.
  2. Zhang H, Liao X, Sparks JB, Luo XM. (2014) Dynamics of gut microbiota in autoimmune lupus. Applied Environmental Microbiology 80(24): 7551-60.

2012 or earlier

  1. Luo XM, Lei MYY. (2012) Recombination activating gene-2 regulates CpG-mediated interferon-alpha production in mouse bone marrow-derived plasmacytoid dendritic cells. PLoS One 7(10): e47952.
  2. Yusuf D, Luo XM, et al. (2012) The transcription factor encyclopedia. Genome Biology 13(3): R24.
  3. Luo XM, Lei MYY, Feidi RA, West AP, Balazs AB, Bjorkman PJ, Yang L, Baltimore D.  (2010) Dimeric 2G12 as a potent protection against HIV-1.  PLoS Pathogens 6(12): e1001225.
  4. Luo XM, Maarschalk E, O’Connell RM, Wang P, Yang L, Baltimore D.  (2009) Engineering human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells to produce a broadly neutralizing anti-HIV antibody after in vitro maturation to human B lymphocytes. Blood 113(7): 1422-1431.
  5. Luo XM, Ross AC. (2006) Retinoic acid exerts dual regulatory actions on the expression and nuclear localization of interferon regulatory factor-1. Experimental Biology and Medicine 231(5): 619-631.
  6. Luo XM, Ross AC. (2005) Physiological and receptor-selective retinoids modulate interferon-g signaling by increasing the expression, nuclear localization, and functional activity of interferon regulatory factor-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(43): 36228-36236.
  7. Luo XM, Fosmire GJ, Leach RM Jr. (2002) Chicken keel cartilage as a source of chondroitin sulfate. Poultry Science 81(7): 1086-1089.
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